Mobility- the movement of citizens within the city-is one of the most intractable and universal challenges faced by many cities, especially in developing countries. As urban populations increase, existing and emerging cities face the challenge of meeting rising demands for efficient mobility within limited physical infrastructure. African cities are reeling under the weight of environmental degradation, oversubscribed utility and public service, inadequate and under-capacity infrastructure, degrading quality of life, poor governance and lack of effective transportation network and citizen engagement etc. Mobility within the limited physical space of the city is therefore a major constraint to both citizens and municipal administrators (Government).
In Accra, the capital city of Ghana, the explosion in the number of cars on the roads means commuters can face several hours of traffic. Large numbers of low capacity vehicle, where 70% of vehicles carry only 30% of the people; create congestion and long travel time for citizens. There are also frequent road closures, road works and traffic accidents, without any warnings or notifications to users coupled with outdated city transport infrastructure and the sprawling or horizontal rapid growth of the city hindering the provision of urban service like effective transportation.
Using Accra as a case study, this research will analyze the infrastructure and policies supporting mobility as well as evaluate the implementation of the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) within the context of the Accra Smart city. The analysis will include an examination of the challenges and constraints of Smart mobility implementation in Accra. The analysis will further be based on an assessment of the role of Internet access and ICT as a necessary enabler in fostering sustainable transport solutions. Finally, the emergence of new business models (opportunities) as a result of the Smart Mobility initiative will be discussed.