Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) developments have taken place in Ghana with a significant growth over the past decade. This study seeks to assess the impact of information and knowledge transfer to farmers on production and income using the data-streams emanating from the Business Model (BM) governing Ghana’s E-Agriculture Project as a case study.
The aim of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Agriculture (E-Agriculture) is generally to provide universally affordable and accessible scientific and technical content information on farming techniques and practices meeting the needs of farmers and other stakeholders in agriculture ecosystem, including access to demand-driven time-critical content and real-time access to any extension services; enhancing access to statistics and other types of information for policy and decision making no matter their location, language and level of education in Ghana.
E-Agriculture is a concept seen as an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, E-Agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use ICT in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. Standards, norms, methodologies, tools, development of individual and institutional capacities, and policy support are all key components of E-Agriculture.
The key motivating factors or drivers in the development are classified as international, national and local. In the international context: In fulfillment of the action lines identified in the Declaration and Plan of Action of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) . Furthermore, in achieving the commitment of Ghana as a member state of 191-nations of the United Nations to meet the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030 (UNDP, 2016).
The attention being given to E-Agriculture by Ghana, international and intergovernmental institutions such as the European Union - Danish International Development Agency(DANIDA), the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), International Institute of Communication and Development (IICD), the African Union and E-Agriculture Community of Practice among others is a testimony to its benefits for citizens both corporate and individuals, governments and civil society organization.
Increasingly, resources are being committed to the development of E-Agriculture in developing countries such as Ghana for the achievement of food security and sustainable agriculture. In the national context: Achievement of Ghana’s ICT4D (NITA, 2016) target of significantly enriching citizens socio-economic and cultural well-being through rapid development and modernization of agriculture thereby tackling poverty alleviation as mentioned in Chapter 1 section 1.1. More so, the fulfillment of Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) mission of modernizing agriculture. In the local context; taking cognizance of poverty alleviation of Ghanaian farmers and eradication of extreme poverty in Ghana. Apparently, fulfilling also Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1.